How To Care For Anthurium Plants

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Anthurium plants are commonly referred to as the Flamingo Flower or Tailflower. Along with their stunning foliage, these plants are highly sought after for their vibrant, heart-shaped flowers that come in a range of colors from red, pink, and white to purple and green. Anthurium plants are very popular indoor plants, and they require proper care to thrive. Today we will go over everything about Antherium houseplant care. Including the ideal growing conditions, watering and fertilizing techniques, common pests and diseases, and even propagation methods.

Origin

Anthurium is native to the rainforests of South America, specifically Columbia, and Ecuador. They are beautiful epiphytic plants that grow on the crevices of trees. They can have stunning foliage with dark leaves and glittering vegetation or they will have vibrant colorful blooms that wow everyone they see. ALso, they became popular in the 1930s and their numbers have only grown since. They now have over 1000 cultivars available for you to choose from.

Lighting

Anthurium plants prefer bright, indirect light, and they should be placed near a window that receives afternoon sunlight through a sheer curtain or direct morning light. Direct afternoon sunlight can scorch the leaves, so it’s best to avoid placing the plant in direct sunlight. You will need a grow light or some sort of artificial light if you place your anthurium in a room without windows. If your antherium does not receive enough light it will drop leaves until it has a number it can sustain on so little light. Usually one or none. More light is better than no light.

Temperatures

Anthurium plants thrive in warm environments with temperatures between 65-90°F. Columbia stays pretty warm all year round. Anthurium is definitely not cold-hardy and will not survive a frost. Anthurium can also benefit from a heat mat if your space tends to be a cooler temperate.

Potting mix and repotting

The ideal potting mix for Anthurium plants is one that is well-draining, moisture-retentive, and rich in organic matter. Lots of air needs to be able to reach the roots. Anthurium is epiphytic and lives on trees not in the soil so they need a very airy mix. A mix of bark, perlite, and sphagnum moss would work well. You can also substitute the houseplant potting mix for the sphagnum. This gives the roots some air and prevents rot.  Anthurium hates change and does not mind being root bound so take your time repotting them and using plastic orchid pots with slits on the sides can help prevent rot as well.

Watering

Anthurium plants require consistent, even moisture to thrive, but they should not be overwatered or allowed to dry out completely. Overwatering can lead to root rot and other problems, such as fungal and bacterial infections. Anthurium grows on trees in the rainforests so they are used to regular moisture but they are never sitting in water. They need that moisture with air to absorb nutrients. They really struggle when allowed to dry out completely and can get dry rot. When watering, it’s important to use room-temperature water, as cold water can shock the plant and cause leaf loss.

Fertilization

Fertilizing is an essential part of Antherium houseplant care. Be sure to fertilize at some point during the growing season (spring and summer). A balanced, fertilizer with an equal ratio works. You can adapt it to contain more specific nutrients for blooming once your plant has matured and settled into your home. Fertilizer foliar sprays can work well too. Anthurium is epiphytic so they are used to small amounts of nutrients floating through the air or coming off the tree it’s attached to. They are not heavy feeders so they cannot handle large feeds at once. Small amounts over a regular basis work best. It’s important not to over-fertilize, as this can lead to burnt leaves, crisping edges, yellowing, and other problems.

Common Pests and Diseases

Anthurium are very hearty plants. They survive just about anything but they definitely have their common issues. They can be susceptible to pests such as spider mites, mealybugs, and scale insects. These pests can cause damage to the leaves and flowers and can spread quickly if left untreated. It’s important to inspect Anthurium plants regularly for signs of pests, such as webbing or small, white, cotton-like spots. If pests are detected, it’s recommended to treat the plant with insecticidal soap or miticide.

Anthurium plants can also be susceptible to fungal infections, such as root rot, and leaf spots. These infections can be caused by overwatering, poor drainage, poor aeration, and high humidity levels. To prevent fungal infections, it’s important to provide Anthurium plants with adequate drainage, avoid overwatering, and maintain proper humidity levels with good airflow. If a fungal infection is detected, it’s recommended to remove the infected leaves or flowers and treat the plant with a copper fungicide.

Propagation

 Anthurium can be propagated through division or by using stem cuttings. To propagate through division, carefully remove the plant from its pot and gently separate the root bases into smaller sections. Replant each section in a new pot with fresh soil or in a propagation box. Keep the humidity high and the pot slightly moist for the greatest success.

To propagate using stem cuttings, cut a healthy stem(with nodes or root eyes) from the plant and remove the lower leaves. Plant it in a pot filled with moist soil or a prop box. Keep the media moist and place the pot in a bright, warm spot. After a few weeks, the stem should start to produce new growth.

Humidity

Anthurium loves its high humidity. They originated from a rainforest and though specific varieties may tolerate humidity below 50% it takes a lot of work to get them there.  Anthurium prefers anywhere from 50%-85% humidity. The more mature the plant the lower the humidity percentage it can handle. Small plants definitely need a higher humidity to thrive and will have brown crisping on the edges of their leaves along with slow or stunted growth if the humidity is too low.

Blooming

The flowers are actually modified leaves and can last a few months. One plant can produce 6 to 8 blooms a year and this is because the flowers can help provide energy to the plant and use minimal resources. If you meet all the needs of your plant it should bloom regularly. Usually, the biggest issues getting an anthurium to bloom are lighting, humidity, and temperature. Anthurium will not bloom if they are too cold and don’t have the lighting resources necessary to sustain itself.

Pro care tip

-top anthurium with Sphagnum Moss around the base of the plant. Water your plant when the sphagnum is dry. This will up the humidity and prevent overwatering and underwatering.

– if you need your anthurium to survive in lower humidity make sure to acclimate it not just move it and expect it to be happy. They detest change.

Anthurium are popular and beautiful houseplants that can brighten up any space with their vibrant blooms and glossy leaves. Proper care is necessary to ensure that these plants thrive and produce beautiful blooms year after year. Providing adequate light, water, humidity, soil, and fertilizer is essential for healthy growth and blooming. Regular pruning and vigilance against pests and diseases can also help keep these plants in top condition. By following these essential care tips, you can enjoy the beauty of anthurium in your space for many years to come.

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