10 Easy Propagating Houseplants For Beginners

Houseplants for Beginners
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Embarking on the beautiful indoor gardening journey brings the incredible world of houseplants into your living space. For beginners, the art of propagation opens a whole new aspect to a rewarding and sustainable approach to houseplants. Propagating houseplants allows you to grow more for free from the houseplants you already have. These plants can be used to fill in pots in your collection, expand your houseplant spaces, sell, trade, or use as gifts to bring even more people into the plant community. This guide explores ten easy-to-propagate houseplants that anyone can grow with minimal effort for stunning results. From the resilient Pothos to the trendy Monstera, each plant on this list offers a unique entry point into the world of propagation making it an ideal starting point for those seeking to delve into the simplicity and joy of propagating houseplants.

Pothos (Epipremnum):

A fantastic starting point and traditional beginner houseplant, Pothos is known for its resilience and low-maintenance nature, making it perfect for beginners. With heart-shaped leaves trailing or climbing elegantly, Pothos adds a touch of green to any space while bringing jungle vibes and sometimes a touch of color. Pothos are all very easy to propagate and come in a variety of greens, whites, yellows, and even a neon green. To propagate a Pothos you need to have a node, which is where the stem of the leaf attaches to the main stem and creates a small bump. You can also find aerial roots here as well. By cutting under that node you are going to be able to grow those roots out into a whole new plant. Simply place the cutting in water or in slightly moist soil and it will become a whole new plant for you. 

Tradescantia (Wandering Jew):

Another beginner-friendly houseplant, Tradescantia, with its vibrantly colorful foliage and easy propagation, is a perfect choice for those new to plants. Tradescantia is a creeping or trailing plant coming in shades of pinks, greens, white, purples, and even soft fuzzy varieties. By far the most easy plant to propagate. You do not need a node to root this plant. Simply snip a stem anywhere on the plant, let it root in water or moist soil, and it shall root quickly within a few days. Pot it up once the roots are a few inches long. Make sure it has good lighting to promote its vibrant colors or it may become faded and more green. 

Peperomia:

By far one of the most diverse houseplants in leaf shapes and colors, Peperomia is always an easy and appealing propagation choice. This resilient plant can be propagated from any part of the plant. The easiest is through leaf cuttings, allowing you to expand your houseplant collection effortlessly. 

With 1500 varieties out there its easy to mix and match. Some are bushy varieties while other trail or creep and create full stunning pots of foliage. String of Turtles is a very popular creeping Peperomia. While Peperomia Frost is more bushy and Peperomia Cupid “Scandens” will trail with beautiful heart shaped leaves.

 You can take a full cutting with stem, just a stem, or even just half a leaf of a Peperomia to propagate. Peperomia are a little different to propagate than other plants. If you have a larger stem cutting you can root it in a glass of water. However if you have just a leaf or part of a stem you will need high humidity. You can easily do this by placing any potting media (soil, sphagnum moss, vermiculite, perlite, etc.) in a clear box, container, or plastic bag. Be sure the container allows in light while being able to be sealed. Simply place your leaf or stem partially in or fully on that media and leave it to root and grow whole new plants for a few weeks. Just like Tradescantia, this can happen within a few days to a week but sometimes longer depending on the variety. 

Fittonia (Nerve Plant):

Prized for its striking veined leaves, Fittonia come in a wider variety of colors! Reds, white, greens, yellows, and many shades of pink all with contrasting electric looking veination. Fittonia foliage is said to be as beautiful as flowers without all the effort. Fittonia are perfect terrarium plants or creeping potted plants that lives to be kept moist and in tropical conditions. Also, fittonia is so easy to propagate. Simply take a cutting anywhere as long as it has some stem. Let it root in a cup of water or any media in high humidity and soon you will have a thriving new Fittonia plant. Terrarium artists will take cuttings and simply place them in terrariums where they wish and watch them grow. It is incredibly easy and satisfying for plant parents of all ages. 

Philodendron:

A classic houseplant, Philodendron are always both stylish and adaptable. There are many varieties of philodendron but the most easy to propagate and beginner friendly is the classic Philodendron Hederaceum. Its heart-shaped leaves and straightforward propagation process make it a go-to for beginners. It has been a loved houseplant across the world for over 300 years so you know its a good choice. Philodendron Hederaceum does need a node to propagate. Just like we discussed earlier with Epipremnum a node is where the leaf stem(petiole) meets the main stem.

The area between two leaves on the main stem is called an internode and that is where you want to make a cut. You can have multiple nodes or just one node. Whatever works best for your purposes. Simply place the stem with the node in water and near or in some light, and watch your new plant root. Philodendron cannot root without a node but when cut properly will root quickly in a few weeks. Most Hederaceum are ready to be potted up within a month but can take longer. 

Spider Plant:

Recognized for its arching green and white leaves, Spider Plant is an excellent choice for novices. Producing ‘spiderettes’ that dangle from long stems, this plant practically propagates itself – a delightful spectacle for any beginner gardener. Spider plants are so easy to propagate they are actually considered invasive in Australia because of how quickly and easily they propagate themselves. Plant parents can propagate them easily as well. You cannot take a leaf cutting to propagate the amazing plants, unfortunately. But once the plant is around 2 years old it will shoot out a long green stem and produce white flowers on it.

It will also begin to produce little baby spider plants from that same vine. The flowers will become seed pods in addition to the spider plantlets on the vine. Once the plantlets is large enough you can remove them from the vine or root them while attached. Place the base of the plantlet in moist soil or a jar of water and watch the rooting magic happen. Spider plants can live in water indefinitely if needed or pot them up once they have a few inches of root and grow even more spider plants. 

Syngonium (Arrowhead Plant):

With arrow-shaped leaves and easy propagation through stem cuttings, Syngonium are versatile houseplants that adapt well to any light conditions, making it a easy addition to your indoor garden. Syngonium change leaf shape as they climb and mature or they can cased down producing smaller leaves of various colors. Syngonium are known for their beautiful greens, whites, and especially pink foliage. Their vareigation and patterns do change depending on lighting conditions. Usually less light will make them more green but the colors come back in brighter light.

In many cases the first new leaves produced from your propagated syngonium will be green and the next ones will be more colorful especially if you have it in brighter light. Syngonium like many other plants do need a node to propagate but just like Philodendron they can easily be rooted in a glass of water or any high humidity environment. 

Hoya:

Known for its waxy and fragrant flowers, Hoya are a fascinating houseplant that reward beginners with stunning blooms and incredible foliage. Propagation is very straightforward using stem cuttings, allowing you to share the beauty of Hoya with others. A lot of Hoya are shared via one-node 2-leaf rooted cuttings. These are perfect for trades with other houseplant collectors. Hoya need nodes to grow and do better in a higher humidity environment like a propagation box or plastic sandwich bag then they do in water. It does depend on the Hoya being propagated how successful a water propagation will be.

Hoya carnosa and Hoya pubicalyx tend to root in water very easily. Slower than the other houseplants mentioned on this list though. Hoya are slow growers in the beginning and then after 6 months to 2 years, depending on the Hoyas, they will speed up and grow at a normal or faster houseplant pace.  Hoya do need a lot of bright light to grow more quickly though. They are a higher light plant and more light will ensure a more successful propagation.

Monstera:

With its iconic split leaves, Monstera Deliciosa is always a trendy choice among plant enthusiasts. While it may take some time to mature, any Monstera is well worth the wait. Monstera Adansonii (also known as the Swiss cheese plant) grows very quickly and is the easiest of all Monstera to propagate. They also tend to grow very quickly. Like Hoya they do grow better and more quickly in better lighting conditions.

Monstera all do need a node to propagate just like most other houseplants and simply taking a cutting a rooting it in water is the easiest way to go with these plants. They grow quickly and get more fenestrations(the natural leaf slits) as they mature and climb. Taking a cutting from the top of the plant is the best way to ensure the plant continues to mature from that point instead of reverting to a less fenestrated form and starting from there. 

Begonia:

Available in what seems like a never ending combination of colors and leaf shapes, Begonia are incredibly resilient houseplants that thrive in every environment depending on the species. With two thousand species of Begonia available there is definitely one for anyone. Some Begonia are for cooler more sunny outdoor temperatures while others need warmer high humidity tropical terrarium conditions. There are hundreds that just enjoy ambient standard indoor home conditions as well. What they all have in common though is the ease with which they are propagated.

Leaf cuttings or stem cuttings just like Peperomia. Root in a glass of water or high humidity. They do like a lot of light for better success rates. Begonias offer beginners a chance to experiment with different techniques while enjoying a diverse array of colors and patterns. It is also so fun to see the leaves become more vibrant with more intricate patterns and leaf shapes as they mature. 

Diving into the world of houseplant propagation is not only simple and easy but also provides a rewarding sense of accomplishment. These ten beginner-friendly plants – from the resilient Pothos to the trendy Monstera and diverse Begonia – provide ample opportunities for beginning plant enthusiasts.

Propagation, whether through stem or leaf cuttings, provides an easy way of expanding your indoor garden effortlessly. It gives you the freedom to share with others, trade for new species of plants, and have back up plants in case something happens to your original plant. Propagation sounds complicated but it is incredibly easy and there is no better reward then seeing your first tiny leaf of a plant you started yourself. 

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