If you thought starting an indoor vegetable garden was impossible or difficult, this is the guide for you. While growing vegetables inside your home requires some planning, it is definitely doable.
Indoor gardening allows you to overcome many factors that challenge traditional gardening techniques, including space limitations, seasons, and more. If done correctly, you can have a healthy crop of fresh veggies all year long. Keep reading to learn how to start your own indoor vegetable garden.
What Are the Benefits of an Indoor Vegetable Garden?
An indoor vegetable garden is beneficial in many ways. Firstly, growing your own vegetables can save you money, including gas money, because it reduces trips to the grocery store.
Secondly, taking care of plants can be therapeutic for some people, and seeing your hard work’s results can be motivating.
Third, you can grow any vegetable despite the season or weather.
And Lastly, since growing plants inside doesn’t require pesticides and dangerous chemicals, you can harvest cleaner and healthier vegetables.
Are There Challenges to Indoor Vegetable Gardening?
Since your gardening will take place indoors, some factors can make the process unsuccessful. Sunlight is one of the key components for growing healthy plants. As you may imagine, indoor gardening can result in a lack of the appropriate amount of sunlight.
Moreover, proper air-circulation can also be a problem indoors. Without the right balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide, plants will wilt.
Fortunately, both potential issues listed above are easily overcome, regardless of your home’s current conditions. We’ll explain more below.
How To Get Started with an Indoor Vegetable Garden
Being successful in indoor vegetable gardening is possible if you adhere to a few basics. This guide will give you five tips to effectively grow vegetables inside your home.
1. Dedicate A Space
It doesn’t matter if you have a small apartment or a large house. You can choose to set up your indoor vegetable garden anywhere, as long as it is suitable for your plants’ needs. Don’t worry if you’re living in a small apartment building. You can still grow a variety of vegetables in smaller spaces. We’ll cover more about that below.
2. Know Which Vegetables Can Grow Indoors
Growing vegetables indoors can take a lot of effort, so you should know which vegetables can grow well inside your home before you start. A list of recommended herbs and vegetables is below.
- Bell Peppers
- Spring Onions
- Hot Chili Peppers
- Microgreens like kale, wheatgrass, spinach, or sprouts
If you’re a beginner, you may want to start by planting herbs, lettuce, and other greens to see how it will work under the conditions you provide.
3. Your Indoor Vegetable Garden Needs the Right Amount of Light
Aside from water and oxygen, vegetable plants need a considerable amount of light to grow. This means it’s best to place them near windows, but you have another option if it’s not possible. You can purchase grow lights to make up for a lack of natural sunlight. These lights can act as an alternative to the sun. They produce the right amount of light and heat that is essential for any plant to grow healthy.
But before buying grow lights, you have to do your research first. Individual plants require different lighting levels for them to grow. Below are different types of indoor garden grow lights:
- Fluorescent Lights
- Incandescent Bulbs
- High-Intensity Discharge
- LED Lights
4. Get Indoor Gardening Supplies
First, you need pots or containers that have holes at the bottom to allow proper drainage. There are pots with ready-made drainage holes that you can purchase to save you from the DIY hassle.
Next, you should not use ordinary potting soil. Instead, try to use a good-quality, organic potting mix containing perlite or vermiculite. This mixture allows for proper drainage so your plants won’t drown and wilt. You should include other essential tools like a watering can, seeds, and larger pots for larger plants.
Most houseplants are known to prefer temperatures between 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. But some plants thrive at a cooler room temperature, including microgreens like spinach or kale. In any case, if the atmosphere is too cold, it can cause problems for your plants. So, it’s best to use grow lights to provide warmth when necessary.
An Indoor Vegetable Garden Is Within Reach
Successful indoor gardening is achievable with the right planning and care. It’s always best to do research and grow plants that are easier to maintain at first, like herbs or microgreens.
FAQs for Indoor Vegetable Garden Basics
It’s a way to grow vegetables inside your home, at your convenience. By researching and following all the basics, you’ll succeed in growing your own healthy produce.
The temperature should be between 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. But some plants, like microgreens, can survive in a much cooler temperature (down to 50 degrees Fahrenheit).
Fluorescent Lights, Incandescent Bulbs, High-Intensity Discharge, and LED Lights.
Find a sunny space in your house where you want to set up your indoor vegetable garden. You will need pots or containers that have drainage holes at the bottom. You’ll also need a high-quality mix that is composed of perlite and vermiculite, which are types of grow mediums. And, of course, the seeds of your choice.
Yes, aside from saving you a lot of money, it also helps you grow a much healthier selection of vegetables. The reason for that is, you don’t need to use harmful chemicals to get rid of pests. Additionally, you can also grow any kind of herb, vegetables all year round without worrying about the season or weather.